Inter-American Court Judgment Against Costa Rica on In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF): A Challenge to the Court’s Enforcement Authority Constitutions Institutions and Nation Building

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights’ (IACtHR) recent order that Costa Rica invalidate a Supreme Court decision in order to authorise and regulate in vitro fertilisation (IVF) has brought up important jurisprudential questions on the execution of the IACtHR’s judgments at the domestic level, particularly in cases where a considerable portion of civil society and […]


New Zealand on the Verge of Implementing Pay Equity Equality and Non-Discrimination

Current New Zealand legislation prohibits gender discrimination in pay rates for men and women who perform identical roles. This narrow interpretation of equal pay may be effective in curbing directly discriminatory practices by an individual employer, but it does not redress systemic discrimination particularly evident in female-dominated occupations. As a result, a significant gender pay […]

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Human Rights Advisory Panel urges the UN to compensate Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian families for lead poisoning in IDP camps Conflict and Security

On 8 April 2016, the Human Rights Advisory Panel (HRAP) released its long-awaited opinion in the case of N.M & others against the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). The 79-page opinion sets out a damning account of the UN’s part in housing hundreds of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian (RAE) families who had […]

Pro Bono

OPBP Completes Report on Diplomatic Immunity and the Prohibition of Human Trafficking Migration Asylum and Trafficking

OPBP has recently completed a Report investigating the commercial nature of human trafficking as justifying an exception to diplomatic immunity. The Report engages in a comparative study of twelve jurisdictions by probing four broad issues: the prohibition of human trafficking, the commercial nature of human trafficking, incorporation of the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, […]


Different Logics for Different Grounds? Resisting Uniformity in the Interpretation and Application of Discrimination Law-Prof Colm O’Cinneide (UCL) Equality and Non-Discrimination

Discrimination law is a legal success story. It has put down roots in multiple legal systems, and its scope of application has expanded to cover multiple different grounds of discrimination and spheres of human activity. However, it still remains a source of controversy. Uncertainty persists as to its purpose and justification, as well as to how legal […]


Working Paper Series No 2: Women, Race and Poverty-Address Women's Multiple Identities Through Law