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United Nations Human Rights Council: Commission of Inquiry into Human Rights Abuses in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

United Nations Human Rights Council: Commission of Inquiry into Human Rights Abuses in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

On 26 March 2014 the United Nations Human Rights Council (“HRC”) passed a Resolution ‘condemning in the strongest terms’ the continuing violation of human rights and calling for the referral of a wide catalogue of human rights abuses by the Democratic Republic of Korea (“DPRK”) to the International Criminal Court (“ICC”) for investigation (“Resolution”).  The [...]

A Form of Child Trafficking in Haiti: The Orphanage Business

A Form of Child Trafficking in Haiti: The Orphanage Business

In the next few weeks, the Haitian senate will vote, for the first time, on anti-trafficking legislation. The legislation would make the movement of children and adults for the purpose of exploitation illegal and punish traffickers with up to fifteen years in prison. The anti-trafficking legislation has been in the works since 2007, following the [...]

New Bill Shifts Focus to Survivors of Human Trafficking

New Bill Shifts Focus to Survivors of Human Trafficking

Earlier this year, I interviewed a group of young Bangladeshi men who had been trafficked into Scotland to work in the hotel services industry.  They had been deceived, abused, exploited and threatened into working under forced labour conditions, some of them for months, others for years. As they revealed the harrowing circumstances of their stories, [...]

The Role of Civil Society in the Execution of ECtHR Judgments

The Role of Civil Society in the Execution of ECtHR Judgments

By Victoria Prais European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) judgments  can have a huge impact in Member States by highlighting systemic and serious problems in human rights protection. But what happens once the initial furore over an ECtHR judgment dies down?  The implementation process is critical to the success of the ECtHR system. The Committee [...]

Trafficking in Human Beings and the European Court of Human Rights – In Dubio pro State?

Trafficking in Human Beings and the European Court of Human Rights – In Dubio pro State?

by Marija Jovanovic – The ECtHR in M. and Others v. Italy and Bulgaria departs from a low-threshold approach for triggering Article 4 in potential trafficking situations previously established in Ranstev v. Cyprus and Russia. This regrettable turn creates ambiguity around required state action in potential trafficking cases and allows governments to continue to downplay [...]

Stuck in Traffic?

Stuck in Traffic?

By Professor Bridget Anderson - ‘Trafficking’ seems to extend the audience of those engaged with the human rights of migrants. Even those who are not usually sympathetic to the plight of undocumented migrants can engage with the plight of ‘victims of trafficking’ and respond to calls for their protection. Trafficking also seems to offer a rare patch [...]

Human Trafficking in Scotland

Human Trafficking in Scotland

Following on from her previous post on forced labour in Britain  Mei-Ling McNamara takes a closer look at the specific challenges facing Scotland.  Scotland is a unique case on the issue of trafficking in Britain. Its woefully low record of attaining prosecutions has been attributed by some to the legal hurdles in Scots law pertaining to [...]

The Hidden Face of Forced Labour in Britain

The Hidden Face of Forced Labour in Britain

As previous posts on the OxHRH Blog have highlighted, trafficking for forced labour remains a hot-button issue in the UK.  A new report by the Office of International Migration (IOM), released in January 2013, looked at trends in trafficking from over 150 missions since 2010. The report revealed that labour exploitation is now surpassing sexual slavery [...]

OSCE Special Representative Maria Grazia Giammarinaro on the Role of Discrimination in Human Trafficking

OSCE Special Representative Maria Grazia Giammarinaro on the Role of Discrimination in Human Trafficking

By Maria Grazia Giammarinaro Human trafficking is a gross violation of human rights that occurs on a massive scale as vulnerable groups such as migrant workers are exploited by criminal groups. According to 2012 estimates by the International Labour Organization (ILO) 20.9 million people are victims of forced labour globally, though the organization stresses that [...]