Substantive Equality

Resisting the Legal Assault on Transgender and Gender Non-Binary Students

Resisting the Legal Assault on Transgender and Gender Non-Binary Students

Since the Supreme Court’s 2015 decision in Obergefell v Hodges striking down same-sex marriage bans across the United States, conservative States and localities—perhaps motivated by the politics of resentment stemming...
The erasure from Australian schools of education about LGBTIQA+ people

The erasure from Australian schools of education about LGBTIQA+ people

Australia achieved marriage equality in 2017. You would be forgiven for thinking that the next step on the journey towards achieving equality for LGBTIQA+ people would be that the school...
Unveiling the Silent Struggles of Adolescents Seeking Safe Abortion in India

Unveiling the Silent Struggles of Adolescents Seeking Safe Abortion in India

The tragic Nirbhaya Gang Rape Case revolutionised Indian Criminal Law with the enactment of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) in 2012. The primary objective of...
The ML v Poland ‘landmark’ judgment on reproductive rights and the ENNHRI third-party intervention: How ‘landmark’ is it in reality?

The ML v Poland ‘landmark’ judgment on reproductive rights and the ENNHRI third-party intervention: How ‘landmark’ is it in reality?

On 14 December 2023, in ML v Poland, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) confirmed that Poland’s 2020 Constitutional Court’s decision, resulting in a near-total abortion ban, violated the...
Birthing Justice: Commercial Surrogacy and the Imperative of Women’s Rights in Contemporary India

Birthing Justice: Commercial Surrogacy and the Imperative of Women’s Rights in Contemporary India

Claudia Goldin, the recipient of the 2023 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, provides a comprehensive account of women’s labour market participation through the centuries which demonstrates that their contribution to...
A Justiciable Right to Housing? The UK Supreme Court’s Decision in R (Imam) v London Borough of Croydon

A Justiciable Right to Housing? The UK Supreme Court’s Decision in R (Imam) v London Borough of Croydon

In a December 2023 decision, the UK Supreme Court sought to clarify how courts should use their remedial discretion to make mandatory orders against local authorities. In doing so, the...
Nepal registers First Same-Sex Marriage: A Glimmer of Hope for Global LGBTQIA+

Nepal registers First Same-Sex Marriage: A Glimmer of Hope for Global LGBTQIA+

On 29 November 2023, Nepal became the second Asian Country to register a same-sex marriage after Taiwan. This represents a significant development in the struggle for marriage equality for the...
The Absentia Dilemma: The Introduction of Trial In-Absentia in Indian Legislation

The Absentia Dilemma: The Introduction of Trial In-Absentia in Indian Legislation

The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), the successor to the Indian Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), is one of three new Indian Criminal Law bills, recently passed by the Parliament...
EU Artificial Intelligence Act Approved: What Remains Missing from this Compromise?

EU Artificial Intelligence Act Approved: What Remains Missing from this Compromise?

“We had one goal: to develop legislation that would ensure that the AI ecosystem in Europe develops with a human-centered approach respecting fundamental rights and European values, building trust, creating...
Are we Missing Women in (AI) Healthcare Again? The EU’s Thoughts on AI-Empowered Medical Diagnosis

Are we Missing Women in (AI) Healthcare Again? The EU’s Thoughts on AI-Empowered Medical Diagnosis

With the recent trilogue concluding in the European Parliament concerning the Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA), along with the increasing involvement of Big Tech in the healthcare sector, we must maintain...
A Regression of Rights? The Exclusion of LGBTQI+ Individuals from the Supreme Court of India’s Sexual Harassment Regulations

A Regression of Rights? The Exclusion of LGBTQI+ Individuals from the Supreme Court of India’s Sexual Harassment Regulations

On 7 November 2023, the Supreme Court of India declined a petition seeking to amend the Gender Sensitization and Sexual Harassment of Women at the Supreme Court of India (Prevention,...
Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

In OP v Commune d’Ans the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) returned to religious discrimination and headscarves, this time in the public sector workplace. Although the CJEU...

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