Constitutions and Human Rights

Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: Federal Government Mandates (Part III)

Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: Federal Government Mandates (Part III)

Image description: Two COVID vaccine vials. State government vaccine mandates raise complex legal and ethical questions, some of which are discussed in Part II of this series. But these complications...
Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: State Mandates (Part II)

Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: State Mandates (Part II)

Image description: A woman with a vaccine at a mass vaccination site. While private employer vaccine mandates have proven somewhat controversial in the United States, the real source of controversy...
Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: Private Employers (Part I)

Vaccine Mandates in the United States: Multi-level Actors and Rights in Tension: Private Employers (Part I)

Image description: A person getting vaccinated. Several states, municipalities, and even private entities in the United States have imposed COVID-19 vaccine mandates. But it was not until September 2021 that...
Alison Young on UK Human Rights Act Review

Alison Young on UK Human Rights Act Review

Adbi Ibrahim v Norway: What It Takes to Make People Feel Integrated “Here in Europe” Without Necessarily “Becoming Like Them Norwegian Christians”

Adbi Ibrahim v Norway: What It Takes to Make People Feel Integrated “Here in Europe” Without Necessarily “Becoming Like Them Norwegian Christians”

Image Description: A Norwegian flag flying in the sky. On December 10th, the ECtHR’s GC (Grand Chamber) issued its last 2021 judgment in Adbi Ibrahim, a truly sad case. The...
Remedying Individual Injustice: The Supreme Court of India paves the way in Avni Prakash V. National Testing Agency and Ors.

Remedying Individual Injustice: The Supreme Court of India paves the way in Avni Prakash V. National Testing Agency and Ors.

Image description: A person standing at a podium, with a banner reading ‘Accessible India Campaign’. In human rights disputes, courts may be called on to resolve the clash between the...
The Polish Challenge to the ECtHR’s Authority: Can the CoE Human-Rights System Respond Convincingly to It?

The Polish Challenge to the ECtHR’s Authority: Can the CoE Human-Rights System Respond Convincingly to It?

That the 24.11.21 judgment of the Polish Constitutional Court (CC) represents a serious challenge to the ECtHR’s authority does not seem to be open to question. The CoE SG has...
Culture Wars and Constitutional Statutes: The Government’s Proposed Human Rights Act Reforms

Culture Wars and Constitutional Statutes: The Government’s Proposed Human Rights Act Reforms

This week, in response to the Independent Human Rights Act Review’s report, the Government published its proposals to reform the Human Rights Act (HRA) and a call for further submissions...
Indian Supreme Court on Gender Sensitisation of Judges: Aparna Bhat & Ors v State of Madhya Pradesh & Anr

Indian Supreme Court on Gender Sensitisation of Judges: Aparna Bhat & Ors v State of Madhya Pradesh & Anr

To achieve gender justice, it is critical that the judiciary avoid stereotypes and social biases to strengthen a judicial system that guarantees women access to fair and gender-sensitive judgments. In...
The Struggle to Establish Human Rights Courts in India: An Unfulfilled Promise

The Struggle to Establish Human Rights Courts in India: An Unfulfilled Promise

A petition was filed by Bhavika Phore on July 8, 2019, in the Supreme Court of India seeking to solidify human rights protections in India and gain statutory redressal under...
Defending legality in judicial appointments:  The European Court of Human Rights and the Polish constitutional crisis [Part 2]

Defending legality in judicial appointments: The European Court of Human Rights and the Polish constitutional crisis [Part 2]

This is what happened in Poland. The Supreme Court made a preliminary reference about the appointment of the members of its Disciplinary Chamber (DC). The CJEU considered that there were...
Defending legality in judicial appointments:  The European Court of Human Rights and the Polish constitutional crisis [Part1]

Defending legality in judicial appointments: The European Court of Human Rights and the Polish constitutional crisis [Part1]

That the Polish constitutional crisis would have had serious human-rights implications was clear from the start. It would have been naïve to assume that the CoE would not have had...

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