Court of Justice of the European Union

EU Headscarf Bans: The CJEU’s missed opportunity for reflection on neutrality in IX v Wabe and MH Müller Handels v MJ

EU Headscarf Bans: The CJEU’s missed opportunity for reflection on neutrality in IX v Wabe and MH Müller Handels v MJ

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has been widely criticised for their decisions in the popular ...
Religious Discrimination and Headscarves – Take Two

Religious Discrimination and Headscarves – Take Two

In IX v WABE eV (C‑804/18) and MH Müller Handels GmbH v MJ (C‑341/19), the CJEU returned to the vexed question of ...
The Achbita case: an Update from Belgium

The Achbita case: an Update from Belgium

In 2017 the Court of Justice (ECJ) pronounced its much criticised answers to two preliminary questions concerning ...
Intra-Group Discrimination and the CJEU

Intra-Group Discrimination and the CJEU

Does discrimination cover situations in which the differing treatment is imposed on persons within a group sharing ...
CJEU in Kalliri: Solidifying Indirect Sex Discrimination

CJEU in Kalliri: Solidifying Indirect Sex Discrimination

Does the European Council Directive 76/207 (as amended by Directive 2002/73), which implements the principle of ...
Searching for Solidarity through Intra-EU Relocation: Slovak Republic & Hungary v. Council of the European Union

Searching for Solidarity through Intra-EU Relocation: Slovak Republic & Hungary v. Council of the European Union

The Grand Chamber judgment on 6 September 2017 (Joined Cases of C-643/15 and C-647/15) was eagerly anticipated by ...
Understanding Direct Discrimination Suffered ‘As a Female Muslim’ in Achbita

Understanding Direct Discrimination Suffered ‘As a Female Muslim’ in Achbita

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) delivered its long-awaited decision in Samira Achbita v G4S ...
Direct Discrimination and Indirect Discrimination: Headscarves and the CJEU

Direct Discrimination and Indirect Discrimination: Headscarves and the CJEU

The decision of the CJEU in Achbita has been much anticipated as the first full judgment of the Court on ...
The Right to be Forgotten: Grappling with Practicalities (Part 2)

The Right to be Forgotten: Grappling with Practicalities (Part 2)

In the last post we charted the development of the regulatory environment following the advent of the so-called ...
The Right to be Forgotten: European Reactions (Part 1)

The Right to be Forgotten: European Reactions (Part 1)

On 13 May 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) handed down judgment in Google Spain SL and ...
The Safe Harbour Decision May be a Reaction Against the Snowdon Revelations, but the Direction of Travel is Clear

The Safe Harbour Decision May be a Reaction Against the Snowdon Revelations, but the Direction of Travel is Clear

Data protection law, once the preserve of tragic anoraks with too much time on their hands (in the words of one ...
Tyco: Travel, Working Time, Wages and the Route to Casualisation

Tyco: Travel, Working Time, Wages and the Route to Casualisation

As casualisation strategies proliferate in the wake of the global crisis, techniques are being devised to exclude ...

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