European Convention on Human Rights

Semenya v Switzerland: Divided ECtHR Significantly Advances the Human Rights Protection for Intersex Athletes (and all professional sportspeople in general) – Part II

Semenya v Switzerland: Divided ECtHR Significantly Advances the Human Rights Protection for Intersex Athletes (and all professional sportspeople in general) – Part II

Part I of this blog (available here) discussed the facts of the case and laid down the jurisdiction issue. Part II continues the discussion on procedural view and elaborates on...
Semenya v Switzerland: Divided ECtHR Significantly Advances the Human Rights Protection for Intersex Athletes (and all professional sportspeople in general) – Part I

Semenya v Switzerland: Divided ECtHR Significantly Advances the Human Rights Protection for Intersex Athletes (and all professional sportspeople in general) – Part I

Should women with variations of sex characteristics be excluded from professional women’s sports competitions? In recent years, this question has spurred considerable controversy around the globe. In July 2023, the...
Safi and Others and the Council of Europe’s role in preventing further tragedies off the Greek shores

Safi and Others and the Council of Europe’s role in preventing further tragedies off the Greek shores

In June 2023 a boat carrying migrants sank near Pylos (Greece), causing 300-650 deaths. The investigation into the incident is ongoing and, because of the interest that the country’s highest...
Over-compensation by the European Court? A Proposal for Reforming Compensation Awards

Over-compensation by the European Court? A Proposal for Reforming Compensation Awards

In light of the Malkinson case, questions are being asked about why successful appellants in the criminal court should have to prove their innocence in a separate process to claim...
Figel’ v Slovakia:  Potential landmark ECtHR decision on COVID-19 related restrictions to religious freedom

Figel’ v Slovakia: Potential landmark ECtHR decision on COVID-19 related restrictions to religious freedom

The COVID-19 pandemic introduced a period of unprecedented restrictions to fundamental rights, unthinkable no less than five years ago: freedom of movement, assembly, and expression, and the right to private...
OxHRH Publishes Workbook on the Right to Education

OxHRH Publishes Workbook on the Right to Education

The Oxford Human Rights Hub has published its first Human Rights Workbook on the topic of the Right to Education. The OxHRH Workbook is designed to provide an introduction to...
The UK Bill of Rights: Changes to Human Rights Protection may Impact Climate Litigation

The UK Bill of Rights: Changes to Human Rights Protection may Impact Climate Litigation

Across the world, human rights-based arguments are increasingly deployed in climate litigation against public bodies. However, in the UK, potential reforms to the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA) – an...
Moraru v Romania: ECtHR Protects Against Size-based Discrimination

Moraru v Romania: ECtHR Protects Against Size-based Discrimination

In November 2022, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that height and weight requirements for participation in the entrance examination for a programme of military medicine violate Article 14...
What’s next in Climate Litigation before the European Court of Human Rights? Duarte Agostinho and Others v Portugal and 32 other States

What’s next in Climate Litigation before the European Court of Human Rights? Duarte Agostinho and Others v Portugal and 32 other States

On 29 March 2023, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) heard its first two climate cases (Verein Klima Seniorinnen and Others v Switzerland and Carême v France). Meanwhile, another...
The Missing Pieces: Living Organ Donation and Personal Autonomy in Germany

The Missing Pieces: Living Organ Donation and Personal Autonomy in Germany

Non-directed living organ donation remains prohibited in Germany, with concerning implications for individual autonomy as well as potentially fatal consequences for those awaiting organ donation. About 8,500 people are currently...
Kenya’s Landmark Supreme Court Decision on Non-Discrimination for Sexual Minorities

Kenya’s Landmark Supreme Court Decision on Non-Discrimination for Sexual Minorities

Kenya’s Supreme Court has entrenched the right to non-discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation in a landmark decision affirming freedom of association for LGBTIQ persons. This decision is particularly...
Life-Saving At a High Cost: The Case for Provision of Rare Disease Treatments Being a Human Right

Life-Saving At a High Cost: The Case for Provision of Rare Disease Treatments Being a Human Right

Earlier this year, Brazilian authorities added Zolgesma, once “the world’s most expensive medical treatment to date,” to the country’s mandatory coverage list. The medication treats Spinal Muscular Atrophy, a rare...

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