Business and Human Rights

Belgium Recognises the Crime of Ecocide: A (Lukewarm) European First

Belgium Recognises the Crime of Ecocide: A (Lukewarm) European First

On 22 February 2024, Belgium made history by adopting a new penal code that criminalises ‘ecocide’ at the national level. This marks the first time that such a domestic prohibition...
Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Over the last few decades, there has been global recognition that corporations yield considerable social, economic and political power. This recognition has been accompanied by the question of how to...
COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

The 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP28, was held from 30 November to 12 December in...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

In 2017, France became the first country to enact a due diligence law, the Law on the Duty of Vigilance, requiring large French companies to identify risks and prevent serious...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger?  Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

France was the first country to enact a due diligence law with its Law on the Duty of Vigilance. While the Law has faced challenges in implementation, outlined in a...
Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

In OP v Commune d’Ans the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) returned to religious discrimination and headscarves, this time in the public sector workplace. Although the CJEU...
The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

On 26 May 2021, The Hague District Court in the Netherlands ordered energy giant Shell to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Shell group by net 45% in 2030 relative...
The Intersection of Human Rights and Finance: A Legal Exploration of the UDHR’s Continuing Impact

The Intersection of Human Rights and Finance: A Legal Exploration of the UDHR’s Continuing Impact

This post marks International Human Rights Day, which occurred earlier this week on the 10 December. This is the day that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed, which...
Taken for a Ride, Again: Deliveroo Riders in the Supreme Court

Taken for a Ride, Again: Deliveroo Riders in the Supreme Court

Last week’s ruling in Independent Workers Union of Great Britain v Central Arbitration Committee came as a great surprise to many employment lawyers: the Supreme Court unanimously held that Deliveroo...
Balancing Workers’ Rights and Organisational Changes: The Gray Areas of Section 9A

Balancing Workers’ Rights and Organisational Changes: The Gray Areas of Section 9A

Section 9A of India’s Industrial Disputes Act 1947 aims to strike a delicate balance between protecting workers’ rights and allowing organisational flexibility during changes to conditions of service. However, inherent...
‘A Victory for Underpaid Workers’: Chief Constable of Northern Ireland v Agnew

‘A Victory for Underpaid Workers’: Chief Constable of Northern Ireland v Agnew

The recent Agnew case deals with a technical but practically very important point: if a worker is underpaid by their employer when they take annual leave, how far back in...
Holding Social Media Companies Accountable for Hate Speech in Times of Conflict and War: An Urgent Necessity

Holding Social Media Companies Accountable for Hate Speech in Times of Conflict and War: An Urgent Necessity

Imagine a world where the Nazis didn’t have a powerful propaganda tool like the newspaper Der Stürmer. Could the Nazis have perpetrated large-scale genocide without the help of media fuelling...

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