Business and Human Rights

The Indian Telecommunication Act, 2023: A Beacon of Security or a Shroud on Liberty?

The Indian Telecommunication Act, 2023: A Beacon of Security or a Shroud on Liberty?

With the enactment of the Telecommunication Act 2023 (“Act”), there has been a tectonic shift in India’s telecommunication landscape. The Act supersedes the Indian Telegraph Act 1885 and the Indian...
The Indian Puttaswamy Judgments: Privacy Rights at Stake in the Pursuit of Social Security

The Indian Puttaswamy Judgments: Privacy Rights at Stake in the Pursuit of Social Security

Lately, the Indian government has attempted to completely digitise social welfare schemes, such as ration cards, pensions or health schemes by requiring beneficiaries to link their Aadhaar IDs (that is,...
The European Court of Human Rights’ Gendered Climate Docket: KlimaSeniorinnen and Duarte Agostinho

The European Court of Human Rights’ Gendered Climate Docket: KlimaSeniorinnen and Duarte Agostinho

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) just announced that the judgments in all three climate cases before the Grand Chamber will be issued on 9 April: Verein KlimaSeniorinnen v...
The Aberdeen housing crisis: Cementing housing rights in Scotland

The Aberdeen housing crisis: Cementing housing rights in Scotland

In February 2024, hundreds of residents of privately and council-owned houses in Aberdeen began being moved out of their homes after around 500 homes were found to have been constructed...
AI and Global Development: The Role of Economic and Social Rights

AI and Global Development: The Role of Economic and Social Rights

As policymakers in the Global North prepare to introduce binding horizontal AI regulation, increasing attention is also being paid to the promises and pitfalls of AI for developing countries. Although...
How can we guard against AI-generated discrimination?

How can we guard against AI-generated discrimination?

One of the most commonly expressed concerns about AI systems is their capacity to produce unfairly discriminatory outputs and decisions. Well-known examples abound: for instance, in healthcare, AI-enabled decision support...
La Belgique criminalise l’écocide: une (imparfaite) première européenne

La Belgique criminalise l’écocide: une (imparfaite) première européenne

Le 22 février 2024, la Belgique a marqué l’histoire en adoptant un nouveau code pénal criminalisant l’écocide dans son droit interne. Il s’agit de la première fois qu’une telle interdiction...
Belgium Recognises the Crime of Ecocide: A (Lukewarm) European First

Belgium Recognises the Crime of Ecocide: A (Lukewarm) European First

On 22 February 2024, Belgium made history by adopting a new penal code that criminalises ‘ecocide’ at the national level. This marks the first time that such a domestic prohibition...
Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Over the last few decades, there has been global recognition that corporations yield considerable social, economic and political power. This recognition has been accompanied by the question of how to...
COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

The 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP28, was held from 30 November to 12 December in...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

In 2017, France became the first country to enact a due diligence law, the Law on the Duty of Vigilance, requiring large French companies to identify risks and prevent serious...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger?  Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

France was the first country to enact a due diligence law with its Law on the Duty of Vigilance. While the Law has faced challenges in implementation, outlined in a...

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