Right to healthy environment

Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Beyond State Responsibility: The Trafigura Case and Corporate Accountability in Africa

Over the last few decades, there has been global recognition that corporations yield considerable social, economic and political power. This recognition has been accompanied by the question of how to...
Canadian Youth Climate Action Challenge Proceeds to Trial: La Rose v His Majesty the King

Canadian Youth Climate Action Challenge Proceeds to Trial: La Rose v His Majesty the King

As frustration with government inaction grows, youth, especially young women, are occupying positions of leadership and taking governments to court to leverage change. In Canada, where climate change effects are...
COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

The 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP28, was held from 30 November to 12 December in...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part I)

In 2017, France became the first country to enact a due diligence law, the Law on the Duty of Vigilance, requiring large French companies to identify risks and prevent serious...
Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger?  Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

Is Mandatory Human Rights and Environmental Due Diligence a Paper Tiger? Lessons from the French Experience (Part II)

France was the first country to enact a due diligence law with its Law on the Duty of Vigilance. While the Law has faced challenges in implementation, outlined in a...
A Potential Avenue for Justice: The Possibility of International Criminal Responsibility for Gender-Based Violence caused by Climate Change

A Potential Avenue for Justice: The Possibility of International Criminal Responsibility for Gender-Based Violence caused by Climate Change

Climate change is leading to the rapid degradation of land, forcing communities to abandon their homes in search of habitable land. This forced migration disproportionately affects women, resulting in increased...
Giving Voice to the Vulnerable: How Advisory Opinions Have the Potential to Advance Climate Justice through International Courts

Giving Voice to the Vulnerable: How Advisory Opinions Have the Potential to Advance Climate Justice through International Courts

In the context of the current climate crisis, climate change litigation has taken a new form over the past year. There have been increasing requests for advisory opinions from international...
Will Ireland Constitutionalise Environmental Human Rights and the Rights of Nature as a Response to the Biodiversity Crisis?

Will Ireland Constitutionalise Environmental Human Rights and the Rights of Nature as a Response to the Biodiversity Crisis?

Earlier this year, a Citizens’ Assembly in Ireland tasked with examining biodiversity loss made a number of far-reaching constitutional amendment recommendations. The Assembly’s Report proposed that a referendum be held...
Ecocentrism and the Right to a Healthy Environment: To What Extent Can Human Rights Protect Non-Human Life?

Ecocentrism and the Right to a Healthy Environment: To What Extent Can Human Rights Protect Non-Human Life?

In 2022, the United Nations General Assembly recognized the human right to a ‘clean, healthy, and sustainable environment’. Before the General Assembly resolution expressly recognized this right, other sources of...
The UK Bill of Rights: Changes to Human Rights Protection may Impact Climate Litigation

The UK Bill of Rights: Changes to Human Rights Protection may Impact Climate Litigation

Across the world, human rights-based arguments are increasingly deployed in climate litigation against public bodies. However, in the UK, potential reforms to the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA) – an...
What’s next in Climate Litigation before the European Court of Human Rights? Duarte Agostinho and Others v Portugal and 32 other States

What’s next in Climate Litigation before the European Court of Human Rights? Duarte Agostinho and Others v Portugal and 32 other States

On 29 March 2023, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) heard its first two climate cases (Verein Klima Seniorinnen and Others v Switzerland and Carême v France). Meanwhile, another...
Dignity Neuroscience: A Universal Rationale for Human Rights

Dignity Neuroscience: A Universal Rationale for Human Rights

Image description: Medical diagram of the first two domains of dignity neuroscience: (1) Agency, Autonomy & Self-Determination; (2) Freedom from Want Universal human rights are rooted in international consensus, derived...

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