Standard of Review

Abrahart v University of Bristol: Disability Equality in University Assessments – Part 2

Abrahart v University of Bristol: Disability Equality in University Assessments – Part 2

The first part of this blog discussed the context and facts of the case of Abrahart, as well as how the judgment interpreted the difference between competence standards (exempt from...
Abrahart v University of Bristol: Disability Equality in University Assessments – Part 1

Abrahart v University of Bristol: Disability Equality in University Assessments – Part 1

The case of Abrahart, with its tragic facts and powerful judgment, will emit shockwaves throughout post-16 education in the United Kingdom (UK). It is a reminder of the importance of...
The Principle of Systemic Integration at the ECtHR after Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz

The Principle of Systemic Integration at the ECtHR after Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz

On April 9 2024, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR or ‘the Court’) issued a landmark ruling in the case of Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and others v Switzerland, marking...
Bringing the Right to Strike Home: Secretary of State for Business and Trade v Mercer – Part 2

Bringing the Right to Strike Home: Secretary of State for Business and Trade v Mercer – Part 2

The first part of this blog outlined the facts and decision in the Supreme Court case, Secretary of State for Business and Trade v Mercer, as well as the approach...
Bringing the Right to Strike Home: Secretary of State for Business and Trade v Mercer – Part 1

Bringing the Right to Strike Home: Secretary of State for Business and Trade v Mercer – Part 1

Individual strikers are protected from dismissal where they are dismissed for participating in ‘protected’ (i.e lawful and official) industrial action, under s. 238A of the Trade Union and Labour Relations...
Neither Leftovers nor Crumbs: Misunderstanding the Right to Food in India

Neither Leftovers nor Crumbs: Misunderstanding the Right to Food in India

One of the most enterprising initiatives undertaken by the Supreme Court of India (the Court) has been the recognition of a legal standalone right to food which mandates the government...
The Indian Telecommunication Act, 2023: A Beacon of Security or a Shroud on Liberty?

The Indian Telecommunication Act, 2023: A Beacon of Security or a Shroud on Liberty?

With the enactment of the Telecommunication Act 2023 (“Act”), there has been a tectonic shift in India’s telecommunication landscape. The Act supersedes the Indian Telegraph Act 1885 and the Indian...
A Justiciable Right to Housing? The UK Supreme Court’s Decision in R (Imam) v London Borough of Croydon

A Justiciable Right to Housing? The UK Supreme Court’s Decision in R (Imam) v London Borough of Croydon

In a December 2023 decision, the UK Supreme Court sought to clarify how courts should use their remedial discretion to make mandatory orders against local authorities. In doing so, the...
Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

Religious Discrimination, Headscarves and ‘exclusive neutrality’: backsliding by the CJEU

In OP v Commune d’Ans the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) returned to religious discrimination and headscarves, this time in the public sector workplace. Although the CJEU...
Mainstreaming Merits Review: Kenya’s Court of Appeal Further Clarifies the Scope of Judicial Review Law

Mainstreaming Merits Review: Kenya’s Court of Appeal Further Clarifies the Scope of Judicial Review Law

On 10 November 2023, the Kenyan Court of Appeal delivered its judgment in Patrick Kabundu & Another v County Government of Mombasa, offering additional clarity on considerations guiding the court’s...
The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

On 26 May 2021, The Hague District Court in the Netherlands ordered energy giant Shell to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Shell group by net 45% in 2030 relative...
Taken for a Ride, Again: Deliveroo Riders in the Supreme Court

Taken for a Ride, Again: Deliveroo Riders in the Supreme Court

Last week’s ruling in Independent Workers Union of Great Britain v Central Arbitration Committee came as a great surprise to many employment lawyers: the Supreme Court unanimously held that Deliveroo...

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