Brazil

Life-Saving At a High Cost: The Case for Provision of Rare Disease Treatments Being a Human Right

Life-Saving At a High Cost: The Case for Provision of Rare Disease Treatments Being a Human Right

Earlier this year, Brazilian authorities added Zolgesma, once “the world’s most expensive medical treatment to date,” to the country’s mandatory coverage list. The medication treats Spinal Muscular Atrophy, a rare...
La violencia obstétrica y su reconocimiento por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

La violencia obstétrica y su reconocimiento por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Desde hace algunos años, la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (Corte IDH) ha desarrollado estándares en materia de derechos sexuales y reproductivos. Sin embargo, la Corte se ha encontrada reacia...
Obstetric Violence and its Recognition by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Obstetric Violence and its Recognition by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

For some years the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACoHR) has been developing standards regarding sexual and reproductive rights. However, the court has proven reluctant to recognise obstetric violence as...
The Paris Agreement as a Human Rights Treaty: PSB et al. v Brazil

The Paris Agreement as a Human Rights Treaty: PSB et al. v Brazil

Image description: Satellite image of Brazil during natural disaster crisis in 2020 In late October, Brazil ousted incumbent President Jair Bolsonaro and elected Lula, who has since promised to cut...
“That’s the Key Question: Institutional Responsibility for Inequality (Episode 4)

“That’s the Key Question: Institutional Responsibility for Inequality (Episode 4)

Human rights experts reveal how we could reform equality law to make sure it protects the most vulnerable in times of crisis. This is the last episode of a four-part...
“…Patriarchal Mentality”: The Functioning of Equality Law in Crisis (Episode 2)

“…Patriarchal Mentality”: The Functioning of Equality Law in Crisis (Episode 2)

Human rights experts help us determine whether equality law is set up to protect the most vulnerable in times of crisis. This is Episode Two of a four-part series. The...
“I Can Hear Another Ambulance”: The Rise of Exponential Inequalities During COVID-19 (Episode 1)

“I Can Hear Another Ambulance”: The Rise of Exponential Inequalities During COVID-19 (Episode 1)

Human rights experts tell stories of inequalities from around the world, revealing how these inequalities have been exacerbated during crises like the COVID-19 pandemic. This is Episode One of a...
The Inter-American Human Rights System on Public Security and Police Violence in Brazil: In Defence of a Rights-Based Approach to Security Policies

The Inter-American Human Rights System on Public Security and Police Violence in Brazil: In Defence of a Rights-Based Approach to Security Policies

Three years after the “Favela Nova Brasília” case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (‘IACtHR’) is hearing a second police violence case against Brazil, the “Castelinho”. The human rights violations...
Challenging Regression in Climate Commitments: Doctrine of ‘Non-Retrogression’ to the Rescue?

Challenging Regression in Climate Commitments: Doctrine of ‘Non-Retrogression’ to the Rescue?

Amidst the wave of new climate commitments or nationally determined contributions (NDCs) from Parties to the Paris Agreement (PA) in the run up to COP26, there were some which ran...
The Exploitation of Racism and Misogyny by Twitter and the Struggle of Black People in Brazil

The Exploitation of Racism and Misogyny by Twitter and the Struggle of Black People in Brazil

A year ago, here in Brazil, a ten-year-old Black girl in the state of Espírito Santo was raped by her uncle and got pregnant. Sadly, this is commonplace in a...
Black Lives Matter: What Next After 2020

Black Lives Matter: What Next After 2020

Black Lives Matter: What Next After 2020 is a blog series by the Oxford Human Rights Hub which explores how domestic and international law could be used to enhance, support...
Legal Developments to Combat Violence Against Women in Brazil

Legal Developments to Combat Violence Against Women in Brazil

In March 2021, Law nº.14.132 was enacted, which creates the crime of stalking. The law amended the Brazilian Penal Code to include the crime, defined as repeated persecution, by any...

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