United Nations

The International Court of Justice’s Order in South Africa v Israel

The International Court of Justice’s Order in South Africa v Israel

This blog considers the case before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) between South Africa and Israel. It summarises the court’s order, before looking ahead to the impact of the...
Alabama’s Manifest Injustice and the Inhumanity of Execution by Nitrogen Gas Inhalation

Alabama’s Manifest Injustice and the Inhumanity of Execution by Nitrogen Gas Inhalation

On 25 January Alabama intends to be the first US state to use nitrogen gas inhalation as an execution method. Despite a manifestly unjust trial, the presence of convincing science...
The Absentia Dilemma: The Introduction of Trial In-Absentia in Indian Legislation

The Absentia Dilemma: The Introduction of Trial In-Absentia in Indian Legislation

The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), the successor to the Indian Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), is one of three new Indian Criminal Law bills, recently passed by the Parliament...
The Regression of Democracy and Systematic Violations of Political Rights: A Case from Jakarta’s Special Region Bill

The Regression of Democracy and Systematic Violations of Political Rights: A Case from Jakarta’s Special Region Bill

The current draft of Jakarta Special Region Bill (the Draft) proposed by Indonesian House of Representatives presents a blatant disregard of citizens’ political rights under Article 25 of the International...
COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

COP28 and Its Shortcomings: The Inadequate Protection of Human Rights

The 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP28, was held from 30 November to 12 December in...
Non-Refoulement of Uyghur Prisoners in India

Non-Refoulement of Uyghur Prisoners in India

Although India is not party to the 1951 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Refugees, this does not preclude it from its Principle of Non-Refoulement, or prohibition of refoulement,...
The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

The Shell Case: A Viable Path to Establish Corporate Climate Responsibility?

On 26 May 2021, The Hague District Court in the Netherlands ordered energy giant Shell to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Shell group by net 45% in 2030 relative...
The Intersection of Human Rights and Finance: A Legal Exploration of the UDHR’s Continuing Impact

The Intersection of Human Rights and Finance: A Legal Exploration of the UDHR’s Continuing Impact

This post marks International Human Rights Day, which occurred earlier this week on the 10 December. This is the day that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed, which...
75 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: What Its Legacy Represents Today

75 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: What Its Legacy Represents Today

This post marks International Human Rights Day on the 10 December, the anniversary of the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. I write this from Ukraine, where I...
The Decriminalisation of Marital Rape: How India Continues to Refuse Justice to its Married Women

The Decriminalisation of Marital Rape: How India Continues to Refuse Justice to its Married Women

India is disappointingly one of the fewest countries in the world today that explicitly decriminalises marital rape, despite being a signatory of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Exception...
A Potential Avenue for Justice: The Possibility of International Criminal Responsibility for Gender-Based Violence caused by Climate Change

A Potential Avenue for Justice: The Possibility of International Criminal Responsibility for Gender-Based Violence caused by Climate Change

Climate change is leading to the rapid degradation of land, forcing communities to abandon their homes in search of habitable land. This forced migration disproportionately affects women, resulting in increased...
Museums and Missiles: Russia’s Attack on Ukrainian Heritage Highlights the Need to Protect Cultural Rights

Museums and Missiles: Russia’s Attack on Ukrainian Heritage Highlights the Need to Protect Cultural Rights

Since Russian troops invaded Ukraine in February 2022, they have bombed, defaced, and looted sites of cultural significance to the Ukrainian people. UNESCO recently confirmed that 295 sites have been...

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