Spain

Amnesty in Spain: Union through Reconciliation

Amnesty in Spain: Union through Reconciliation

On 30 May 2024, despite its rejection by the upper chamber, the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament passed the Amnesty Act 2024 ‘for the institutional, political and social normalisation...
Community Sentencing: A Positive Shift in the Indian Criminal Justice System

Community Sentencing: A Positive Shift in the Indian Criminal Justice System

A number of alternatives to custodial sentences have been introduced in the Indian criminal justice system, with progress being made over time towards open prisons, probation, and rehabilitation centres. Yet...
An Assessment of Transitional Justice in Spain vis-à-vis the Ley De Memoria Democrática: the good, the bad and the solvable

An Assessment of Transitional Justice in Spain vis-à-vis the Ley De Memoria Democrática: the good, the bad and the solvable

The Spanish transition to democracy post-dictatorship prioritised peace, security, and the consolidation of democracy at the expense of truth, justice and accountability. However, in 2022, Sanchez’s government implemented the Ley...
El principio de proporcionalidad y la protección de los derechos reproductivos en el Tribunal Constitucional Español

El principio de proporcionalidad y la protección de los derechos reproductivos en el Tribunal Constitucional Español

En contraste con los recientes retrocesos de las protecciones del derecho al aborto, como la derogación de Roe vs Wade en Estados Unidos, el Tribunal Constitucional (TC) español recientemente protegió...
Protecting Reproductive Rights: A Balancing Exercise for the Spanish Constitutional Court

Protecting Reproductive Rights: A Balancing Exercise for the Spanish Constitutional Court

In stark contrast to recent regressions on abortion rights, including the fall of Roe v Wade in the USA, the Spanish Constitutional Court lately signalled greater protections for reproductive rights,...
Spain: Judicial Intervention by the Tribunal Constitucional in a Key Parliamentary Debate – Part II

Spain: Judicial Intervention by the Tribunal Constitucional in a Key Parliamentary Debate – Part II

Image description: a session of the Spanish Parliament (Congreso de Disputados) The intervention of the Tribunal Constitucional in the parliamentary debate in Spain, as discussed to in Part I, has...
Spain: Judicial Intervention by the Tribunal Constitucional in a Key Parliamentary Debate – Part I

Spain: Judicial Intervention by the Tribunal Constitucional in a Key Parliamentary Debate – Part I

Image description: the Spanish Constitutional Court (Tribunal Constitucional). On the 19th of December 2022, the Spanish Tribunal Constitucional took a very controversial decision by suspending a parliamentary debate in the...
Examining Racial-Profiling Complaints in the Age of Subsidiarity: Basu v Germany and Muhammad v Spain

Examining Racial-Profiling Complaints in the Age of Subsidiarity: Basu v Germany and Muhammad v Spain

Image Description: Two policemen in uniform standing with their backs to the camera. On 18 October 2022, the European Court of Human Rights (‘ECtHR’)’s Third Section passed judgment in Basu...
Financialisation of Housing: Balancing Commercial Interests with Human Rights

Financialisation of Housing: Balancing Commercial Interests with Human Rights

Image description: Multicoloured houses seen from above The right to adequate housing is considered to be a basic human right. It is fundamental to an individual’s sense of security and...
The Violence of Care: Obstetric Violence during COVID-19

The Violence of Care: Obstetric Violence during COVID-19

Image description: Text that reads, ‘reproductive rights are non-negotiable’. Obstetric Violence (OV) is a global health problem. Whilst this terminology alludes to notions of physical harm, OV also encompasses, “disrespect”,...
Born to Live, Not Born to Work: The Implications of New Proposed Labour Regulations in India

Born to Live, Not Born to Work: The Implications of New Proposed Labour Regulations in India

Image description: A person working on a pottery wheel. The Indian government is currently considering allowing factories in India to extend daily permissible work hours from the current norm of...
The Spanish-Moroccan Migrant Crisis: Counting the Collateral Damage

The Spanish-Moroccan Migrant Crisis: Counting the Collateral Damage

In May 2021, approximately 8,000 people arrived in Ceuta, a Spanish city, from Morocco, out of which reportedly 2,000 were unaccompanied children. As of date, 7,800 of these migrants have...

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