Environment

What’s Next in Climate Litigation: The World’s Youth for Climate Justice Campaign for an Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice

What’s Next in Climate Litigation: The World’s Youth for Climate Justice Campaign for an Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice

What was once a “turn” in climate litigation, has now become its central driving force. This series has documented some of the ground-breaking climate and human rights decisions in Courts...
Climate Change and Fundamental Freedoms: The German Constitutional Court Orders Legislature to Rectify Climate Change Law

Climate Change and Fundamental Freedoms: The German Constitutional Court Orders Legislature to Rectify Climate Change Law

On March 24, 2021, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany held certain provisions of the 2019 Federal Climate Change Act (‘KSG’) to be incompatible with their rights under the German...
Climate Claims Before the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Climate Claims Before the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Each of the major UN human rights treaties establishes a treaty body, a body of independent experts that oversees compliance of the treaty by the States that are party to...
Milieudefensie v Shell: Holding Carbon Majors Accountable for Human Rights Violations

Milieudefensie v Shell: Holding Carbon Majors Accountable for Human Rights Violations

“It is clear that the global climate crisis will worsen, with devastating implications for human rights, unless society changes direction.” […] “Corporations should comply with the Guiding Principles on Business...
The Success and Remaining Challenges of French Climate Litigation

The Success and Remaining Challenges of French Climate Litigation

Notre affaire à tous is a French environmental NGO founded in 2015 inspired by the ground-breaking Urgenda judgement. Its purpose was to initiate similar litigation in France. Hence, we lodged...
Human Rights-Based Climate Litigation in Latin America

Human Rights-Based Climate Litigation in Latin America

As in other regions of the Global South, groups and individuals in Latin America have engaged in litigation to counter environmental harm threatening the enjoyment of their human rights. Climate...
IEA v Brazil: Rights-Based Climate Litigation to Protect the Brazilian Amazon

IEA v Brazil: Rights-Based Climate Litigation to Protect the Brazilian Amazon

“[C]limate stability is a new social need, essential to the preservation of human life and ecological balance.” (IEA v. Brazil, Complaint at 45) Deforestation of the Amazon is not a...
Grappling with Danger: Some Lessons from Urgenda v The Netherlands

Grappling with Danger: Some Lessons from Urgenda v The Netherlands

The landmark judgement of the Dutch Supreme Court in Urgenda Foundation v State of the Netherlands has inspired climate cases across the globe, where litigants argue that States are required...
Youth Led Litigation Highlights the Intergenerational Impact of Climate Change

Youth Led Litigation Highlights the Intergenerational Impact of Climate Change

The impact of dangerous climate change on our children and future generations has been highlighted by campaigns around the world such as Fridays for Future, which grew out of Greta...
Queensland Court to consider Australia’s first ‘climate change’ human rights case

Queensland Court to consider Australia’s first ‘climate change’ human rights case

As an increasing number of cases worldwide link climate change and human rights (for instance, see here), the first litigation of this kind in Australia is proceeding before Queensland’s Land...
Indemnity clauses in Mining Development Agreements in Zambia

Indemnity clauses in Mining Development Agreements in Zambia

Zambia has signed indemnity agreements with numerous multinational corporations investing in her mining sector. The agreements enable subsidiaries of international firms to be exempted from liability for environmental pollution that...
Jammu and Kashmir Media Policy 2020: A Veil Covering Freedoms

Jammu and Kashmir Media Policy 2020: A Veil Covering Freedoms

Through an order dated 15th May 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir Department of Information and Public Relations (DIPR) issued a revised Media Policy 2020 (hereinafter “the Policy”). The Media Policy...

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