Sexual Orientation

The constitutionality of section 10 of the South African Equality Act: a case for balancing the rights to equality, dignity and freedom of expression

The constitutionality of section 10 of the South African Equality Act: a case for balancing the rights to equality, dignity and freedom of expression

Section 10 of the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act (“the Equality Act”) has not been without controversy and robust opprobrium. Since its inception, numerous legal academics...
On the grounds of sex’: SCOTUS brings sexual orientation within the ambit of Title VII

On the grounds of sex’: SCOTUS brings sexual orientation within the ambit of Title VII

On June 15 2020, the US Supreme Court decided in Bostock v. Clayton County that Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act forbids termination of employees because of their...
Transgender Persons Rules 2020: A Halfhearted Attempt at Redemption

Transgender Persons Rules 2020: A Halfhearted Attempt at Redemption

Justice Chandrachud of the Indian Supreme Court, in the landmark Navtej Singh Johar judgment, opined that, “our ability to recognise others who are different is a sign of our own...
A Bittersweet Day: Two equality rights decisions handed down by the High Court of Hong Kong

A Bittersweet Day: Two equality rights decisions handed down by the High Court of Hong Kong

In recent years, the Hong Kong courts have recognised the equality rights of various same-sex couples in a number of cases. On 18 September 2020, the Hong Kong High Court...
Bad blood? Belgian Constitutional Court rules on gay and bisexual blood ban

Bad blood? Belgian Constitutional Court rules on gay and bisexual blood ban

In September 2019, the Belgian Constitutional Court (‘BCC’) reviewed the constitutionality of a law setting up a 12-month blood donation deferral period for men who have sex with men (MSM)....
Discriminatory Torture of an LGBTI Person: Landmark Precedent Set by the Inter-American Court

Discriminatory Torture of an LGBTI Person: Landmark Precedent Set by the Inter-American Court

Earlier this year, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) issued a landmark judgment Azul Rojas Marín and Another v. Peru (Azul), in which Peru was found responsible for the...
Germany’s Ban on Conversion Therapy: One Step Forward and Two Steps Back

Germany’s Ban on Conversion Therapy: One Step Forward and Two Steps Back

Conversion therapy (CT) is a constellation of medical, psychoanalytic, behavioural, religious techniques and interventions, that seek to alter an individual’s sexual orientation, gender identity and expression. It stigmatises same-sex attraction...
Hungarian Bill Obliterates Gender Recognition Rights

Hungarian Bill Obliterates Gender Recognition Rights

On 19th May 2020, the Hungarian parliament passed Bill T/9934. Article 33 of the Bill makes information on an individual’s gender marker legally immutable post-sex assignment at birth. In the...
Singaporean High Court upholds criminalisation of sexual intercourse between consenting males

Singaporean High Court upholds criminalisation of sexual intercourse between consenting males

On 30th March 2020, the High Court of Singapore upheld the constitutionality of Section 377A of the Singapore Penal Code, which criminalises consensual sexual intercourse between men. Broadly, the challenge...
A Gay Kiss on the Internet: Can Strasbourg Litigation Help Win the War Against Homophobia?

A Gay Kiss on the Internet: Can Strasbourg Litigation Help Win the War Against Homophobia?

On 14 January 2019, the European Court of Human Rights found a violation of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in Beizaras and Levickas v Lithuania, as a result...
LGBT+ Rights in Northern Ireland

LGBT+ Rights in Northern Ireland

It’s the middle of a busy month for the LGBT+ sector in Northern Ireland, with four Pride festivals taking place across the province. Normally the summer is a bit of...
The High Court of Botswana decriminalises same-sex relations

The High Court of Botswana decriminalises same-sex relations

The judgement of the Botswana High Court in LM V The Attorney General, which legalised same-sex sex relations, is important for gay couples across Africa. The judgement demonstrates that laws,...

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